Sample Chart of Accounts for a Small Company

The accounts payable clerk in the payable department plays a crucial role in processing invoice payments and post business transactions. Their responsibilities include managing expenses, maintaining vendor relationships, and ensuring compliance with financial regulations. Attention to detail, effective communication, and adherence to best practices are key for success in this role. The chart of accounts often abbreviated to COA, is the foundation of the double entry bookkeeping system for a small startup business. It is basically a listing of all the accounts found in the general ledger that the business will use to code each of its bookkeeping transactions. This chart of accounts for small business template provides an example using some of the most commonly found account names.

Small businesses with fewer than 250 accounts might have a different numbering system. The table below reflects how a COA typically orders these main account types. It also includes account type definitions along with examples of the types of transactions or subaccounts each may include. If you’re using the accounting software QuickBooks, you won’t typically need to edit or make changes to the chart of accounts, as the program has customized accounts. However, if you do find yourself needing to make changes, QuickBooks provides a step-by-step rundown as well as an instructional video of how to do so.

Adjusting and Customizing Your Chart of Accounts

A chart of accounts, or COA, is a complete list of all the accounts involved in your business’s day-to-day operations. Your COA is useful to refer to when recording transactions in your general ledger. Therefore, always consult with accounting and tax professionals for assistance with your specific circumstances. The chart of accounts lists the accounts that are available for recording transactions. In keeping with the double-entry system of accounting, a minimum of two accounts is needed for every transaction—at least one account is debited and at least one account is credited.

From the perspective of accounting, a chart of account is extremely beneficial because it is a summation or the organized version of all the accounts chart that an organizational or an individual has. This helps in grouping up the details of all the different accounts which would otherwise have been scattered. Also, included is a humorous, short video that introduces viewers to the concept of business continuity planning and highlights the benefits of having a plan. Two men in an elevator experience a spectrum of disasters from a loss of power, to rain, fire, and a human threat. As you embark on your CoA transformation journey, think about your long-term reporting strategy and contemplate how you can further enhance your reporting and analytical capabilities.

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For example, the chart of accounts for a small business may include 15 accounts, while a large corporation could have hundreds of different accounts listed. This involves addressing vendor inquiries, resolving payment discrepancies, and maintaining positive relationships. Sample Chart of Accounts for a Small Company Effective communication and prompt response to vendor inquiries are crucial to ensure smooth operations. Groups of numbers are assigned to each of the five main categories, while blank numbers are left at the end to allow for additional accounts to be added in the future.

  • But the more organized you are now, the easier it will be when you start to grow.
  • You can use this Company’s Chart of Accounts Sample as a suitable structure for your required document.
  • Your company might have an account for cash on hand, a separate one for accounts receivable, and a third for real estate holdings, all three of which are categorized as asset accounts.
  • An expense account balance, for example, shows how much money has been spent to operate your business, whereas a liabilities account balance shows how much money your business still owes.
  • Copy and paste the data from the invoice template you downloaded into the new sheet.

And while your GL certainly plays a significant role, our advice is not to be so hyper-focused on the GL that you fail to integrate other dimensions and company attributes into your COA. It’s a good rule of thumb to look at your system at the end of every fiscal year and ask yourself whether any accounts can be consolidated or removed. Just because you can have separate accounts for office supplies (analog), office supplies (digital), office supplies (snacks), and office supplies (drinks) doesn’t mean you should. This level of detail is unlikely to provide you with useful information, and it increases the odds you will enter a transaction in the wrong place. The way your accounts are numbered will help you stay on top of your finances and easily find transactions in each subcategory.

What is a chart of accounts?

Read on to learn how to create and utilize the chart to keep better track of your business’s accounts. The purpose of the account code is simply to group similar accounts together, and to provide an easy method of referring to an account when preparing journal entries. For example the inventory codes run from 1400 to 1499 so there is plenty of room to incorporate new categories of inventory if needed. Speaking of your statements, they can play a major role in how you customize your chart of accounts. For instance, if there’s a particular area you want to provide deeper insights on in your financials, you’ll want to include sufficiently detailed account categories in your chart of accounts.

Sample Chart of Accounts for a Small Company

Charts of accounts use a numbering system to aid with recordkeeping, and are divided into asset, liability, equity, revenue, and expense accounts. They’re organized in the same order as the business’s financial statements, with assets, liabilities, and equity comprising the balance sheet; and revenue and expenses making up the income statement. The chart of accounts is a comprehensive list of all the financial accounts used by a company to record and organize its financial transactions. It includes all the balance sheet and income statement items, such as assets, liabilities, equity, revenue, expenses, gains, and losses. This template is targeting an Accounts Payable Clerk position at a company. The responsibilities include accurately processing and recording vendor invoices, ensuring timely payments, and maintaining proper documentation.

Sample Chart of Accounts Template

Come tax season, your accountant will need your income sheets for the year. By the end of every month, the Income Sheet should have all the data it needs to summarize your bookkeeping for that period. Excel spreadsheets aren’t up to the task of creating a proper Cash Flow Statement that you can present to investors. However, for your own personal planning, you can still plan your cash flow month by month in a simple spreadsheet.

Sample Chart of Accounts for a Small Company